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  • Być wiernym Ojczyźnie mej, Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

     

  • AKTUALNOŚCI

  • 30 października 2013

    Jak wygląda współpraca pomiędzy światem biznesu, politykami i naukowcami w Luksemburgu i w Polsce

    i co można zrobić, żeby ta współpraca była lepsza – także w całej Unii Europejskiej, to były główne tematy konferencji, która odbyła się w Warszawie w dniu 24.10. i która została zorganizowana we współpracy z Ambasadą Luksemburga w Polsce, Instytutem Europejskiego Banku Inwestycyjnego i Uniwersytetem Luksemburskim.    

    Program i opis konferencji jest dostępny pod tym [ linkiem ] a jej streszczenie w języku angielskim zamieszczamy poniżej. Dodatkowe informacje i materiały z konferencji są dostępne na stronie posła Jana Kaźmierczaka www.jankazmierczak.pl  oraz RatschkaPhotography www.ratschka.com 
     

     

     

    CONFERENCE SUMMARY

     

    Nations compete, and in this global competition teamwork is essential. Luxembourg has developed very effective cooperation between its political class, the business community and its research institutions. This collaboration is intensive and transparent. At the same time Luxembourg is considered to be one of the least corrupt countries in the world. In Poland, contacts between politicians and businessmen continue to be viewed with suspicion and cooperation between business and research is still insufficient. Why is such teamwork successful in some parts of the European Union and not in others, and what can be done to improve the present situation? The conference speakers tried to answer these and other questions.

     

    Introductory remarks by Georges Faber – Ambassador of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Warsaw; Prof. dr hab. Artur Nowak-Far – Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs; Keynote speech by Prof. Dr.-Ing Marcel Oberweis, President of Benelux Parliament

     

    In his introductory remarks Ambassador Georges Faber stated that business is needed to foster growth and create jobs, politics to guarantee democracy and to set legal frameworks, and science to solve problems and to innovate, and while collaboration between all three is needed so are the appropriate checks and balances. According to Minister Nowak-Far, Poland has entered a new stage of development. The first phase of the country’s modernization came along with the toppling of communism in 1989, the second stage was with the entry into NATO and the European Union and now, at the third stage of modernization, Poland is on the path to join Europe’s most developed economies. This is the stage where cooperation between politics, business and science is crucial and must be enhanced. In his keynote speech President Marcel Oberweis outlined 3 fields where cooperation between business politics and science will be essential for the European Union – the supply of energy (especially renewables), waste management, and sustainable mobility. He stressed that the competitive advantages of the European Union come from innovation and higher education and emphasized that all societal actors must interact in the innovation cycle because this increases its quality, relevance and acceptability by integrating society’s interests and values.

     

    First panel: THE CURRENT SITUATION - Cooperation between business, politics and science in Luxembourg and in Poland

    Speakers: Prof. dr hab. Franck Leprevost – Vice-President, University of Luxembourg; Maciej Stańczuk – Vice-President of the Employers of Poland and former CEO of the Polish Enterprise Bank; Dr. Marc Schiltz – Secretary General and Executive Head of Fonds National de la Recherche du Luxembourg (FNR); Prof. dr hab n. med. Jan Lubiński – Head of International Hereditary Cancer Center of Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin and CEO of ReadGene; Paweł Poncyliusz – Vice-President Avio Polska Sp. z o. o., Vice-President of PJN – Poland Comes First, Former Deputy Minister of Economy; Moderator: Bartosz Jałowiecki – Ambassador of Poland in Luxembourg

     

    The speakers of the first panel outlined the respective Polish and Luxembourgish existing models of contacts between business, science and politics. Citing recent developments in the Polish telecommunications sector, Maciej Stańczuk accused the Polish political class of having delegated too much of its power to quasi-independent regulators who oftentimes do not realize what Poland’s national interest is and sometimes take actions that go against Poland’s interests. Prof. Jan Lubiński pointed to the fact that politicians have more contacts with universities than with private companies because the former are usually public entities. Being largely deprived of relations with politicians, private companies therefore use universities as a channels to have the minimal necessary contacts to decision-makers. According to Paweł Poncyliusz, this situation could easily be improved if politicians realized the importance of developing close ties with business. Civil servants are generally very good at understanding what their decision-makers want and perform their tasks according to politicians’ will. So if the decision-makers changed their attitudes and became more interested in establishing working relationships with business and science, the bureaucracies would follow their example.

     

    Describing the Luxembourgish model Dr. Marc Schiltz admitted that the close relations between politicians, businessmen and scientists are largely informal which is partly due to the size of the Grand Duchy. The FNR, while being independent, makes its annual plans according to mid-term strategies devised by Luxembourg’s politicians. Dr. Schiltz also mentioned numerous private companies which work together with the FNR. Prof. Franck Leprévost pointed to the efficient governance of his University. The University’s president and vice-presidents are not elected by peer professors but they are nominated by the board of governors (which is similar to a board of trustees one finds in most UK and US universities). This particular governance allows the University to be reactive towards new proposals and challenges, and to introduce and quickly implement new procedures. It is the role of the board of governors to decide upon strategic issues, whereas the management team implements them. Obviously, being the sole university of the country, the University of Luxembourg is responsive to the long-term proposals coming from Luxembourg’s government. Regarding IPR, Prof. Leprévost also encouraged Poland to adopt the European patent and described the University of Luxembourg’s support system for scientists who want to register a patent (the University pays all the patent fees in advance and the profits from the patent are split 50/50 between the university and the scientist), a model which is competitive international, and plays an increasing role in attracting talented scientists.

     

    In the discussion, Prof. Maria Elżbieta Orłowska the deputy minister of science and higher education, stressed Poland’s enormous economic progress over the last 25 years. The Minister also underlined that Poland, unlike Luxembourg, has hundreds of universities and institutions of higher education and it is much harder to reform the existing structures than setting up new ones. She also said that Poland will introduce new regulations on patents which will be similar to the ones in Luxembourg. Bartosz Jałowiecki added that the negotiations on the European patent were mostly finalized thanks the efforts of the Polish Presidency in the Council of the European Union. 

     

    Second panel: THE IDEAL SITUATION – What can be done to improve the cooperation between business, politics and science in the EU?  

    Speakers: Remy Jacob – Dean of the Institute of the European Investment Bank; Dr. Adam Góral – President of Asseco Poland S.A.; Jean-Paul Schuler – Director, Luxinnovation; Zbigniew Derdziuk – President of the Polish Social Insurance Institution (ZUS); Prof. Dr hab. Jan Kaźmierczak – Member of Parliament (Civic Platform), deputy chairman of the Sejm’s innovation and new technologies committee; Moderator: Dr. Marcin Zaborowski –  Director, Polish Institute of International Affairs. Concluding remarks: Prof. dr hab inż. Krzysztof Jan Kurzydłowski, Director of the National Center for Research and Development (NCBR)   

     

    Rémy Jacob argued that European governments need to define comprehensive policies which include the improvement of workers’ skills, venture capital markets, and incentives for grassroots innovation and in order to make European economies more competitive, Europeans need to increase spending on research and development. In Europe, for years, business R&D has been stuck at about 1.2% of GDP, with huge differences: Sweden’s R&D spending is 20 times as capital intensive as in Greece. Jean-Paul Schuler stated that the current economic crisis has shown the importance of industry so cooperation between politicians, businessmen and scientists should focus on how to stop Europe’s deindustrialization. His agency – Luxinnovation – can serve as a good model for cooperation between the three sides of this triangle.

     

    In Adam Góral’s opinion, cooperation between businessmen, politicians and scientists in Poland is improving but the political elite still needs to become more aware of the fact that a country’s strength largely stems from the strength of its largest enterprises. Poland’s authorities, therefore, should be interested in helping Polish companies in their development to become global players. For Zbigniew Derdziuk,  the biggest current challenges for politicians, businessmen and scientists in Poland and in the European Union are the consequences of the demographic crisis. The entire European social model is in grave danger because there will be too few people working to support it. Mr. Derdziuk would welcome creative and innovative proposals from researchers and scientists regarding the future sustainability of social security systems. While being generally supportive for greater cooperation between science, the public sector and business, Prof. Jan Kaźmierczak expressed concern that nowadays large portions of society feel that they exercise no influence in public life. A more intense cooperation within the elite in the triangle, could intensify that sentiment. Therefore, according to Prof. Kaźmierczak, it is important to find ways to involve the society more in the decision-making process regarding the future of their country and thus to transform the triangle into a rectangle.

     

    In his concluding remarks, Prof. Krzysztof Jan Kurzydłowski stated that there are three key words to summarize the future of cooperation between business, politics and science – technology, trust, and transparency. The aim of the cooperation is clear – it is the advancement of technology, but the suspicion which still casts a shadow over the contacts, especially between business and politics, must evolve into a relationship built on trust. That can only happen when such relations become sufficiently transparent. Meetings such as this one which involve politicians, businessmen and scientists in the discussion on the challenges facing Poland, Luxembourg and the entire European Union, pursue this aim.  
     

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