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  • Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland

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  • CLUSTER MUNITIONS

  • Negotiations on an international legal instrument, which contributes to reducing the humanitarian impact caused by the use of cluster munitions, were conducted in parallel in the two forums:

     

    • the Geneva conference of the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (the so-called CCW Convention), and

     

    • under the political initiative called “the Oslo process” as a result of which the text of the Convention on Cluster Munitions was adopted on 30 May 2008. The Convention was opened for signature in Oslo on 2 December 2008.

     

    The Polish position states that cluster munitions causing unacceptable humanitarian consequences, especially without the possibility of self-liquidation or self-neutralization, should be prohibited. On the other hand, we recognize the right of states to use modern, highly reliable cluster munitions for defense purposes.

     

    Poland participated in the work within the framework of the CCW.  We also participated in meetings of "the Oslo process", but we have not joined the Convention on Cluster Munitions. In our view, the problem of cluster munitions should be solved within the framework of the CCW, ensuring the participation of the world's largest users, owners and producers of cluster munitions. Only the adoption of generally binding constraints by these countries will contribute to the improvement of the humanitarian situation.

     

    Despite the broad recognition for the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Poland is not ready to accept the resulting prohibitions and obligations. A similar position is presented by some EU countries and such states as the U.S., the Russian Federation, the Republic of Korea, Brazil, Turkey, Israel, India, China and Pakistan. From a military point of view, cluster munitions constitute an  efficient defense weapon. In our opinion there are currently no viable alternatives to replace cluster munitions.  The Polish Armed Forces are equipped with modern type of cluster munitions, which contain  self-deactivation mechanisms  which guarantee a very high level of reliability. Moreover, Poland does not use cluster munitions in either combat situations or training. Cluster munitions are subject to regular reviews which lead to a reduction in their stockpiles since munitions that are not eligible for further use are destroyed. Stockpiles are kept under strict control and are not subject to international transfers.  

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