• Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland



  • Bilateral relations



    On 17 November 1918, Poland’s government sent a note to the government of Great Britain which included a proposal to establish diplomatic relations. On 25 February 1919, the British government recognised the Polish State and the two countries established diplomatic relations. During World War II, on 10 October 1944 the Polish Committee of National Liberation appointed its political representative to London, despite the fact that the British government maintained diplomatic relations with the Polish Government-in-Exile. On 5 July 1945, the British government recognised the Provisional Government of National Unity.


    The most important agreements that regulate relations between Poland and Great Britain include: agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments (1987), the bilateral visa waiver agreement (1992), agreement on Great Britain’s non-refundable assistance for Poland - Know How Fund (2000), the Accession Treaty (2003), and the convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital gains (2006).


    Great Britain is Poland’s major partner in the European Union, the UN, NATO and other international organisations. Political, economic and military cooperation has been particularly intense in the last two years. Intense political dialogue between Poland and Great Britain is evidenced by frequent high-level bilateral contacts. On 14-15 September 2015 Poland’s President Andrzej Duda paid an official visit to London. There were working visits of British Prime Ministers to Poland. David Cameron visited Warsaw on 5 February 2016 and Theresa May on 28 July 2016.  On 28 November 2016 in London Prime Ministers of Poland and UK Beata Szydło and Theresa May chaired in London first edition of bilateral intergovernmental consultations.


    On 8-9 March 2017 in Warsaw took place first edition of the Polish-British Belvedere Forum, which gathered numerous representatives of civil society, representatives of academia and experts. Both countries developed close sectoral co-operation.


    Great Britain is the second biggest importer of Polish goods and services. Over the last 10 years of Polish membership of the EU, the value of Polish exports to the UK more than tripled, exceeding EUR 13.9 billion in 2013 and 12,1 billion in 2016 (compared to EUR 3.2 billion in 2004). The imports of goods from the UK have doubled to reach over EUR 4 billion. Poland is one of the UK’s 18 key partners in terms of economic cooperation, and a major trade and investment partner among the Central European countries.


    Around 100 000 Poles emigrated to Great Britain during Poland’s struggle for independence, and another 800 000 came to the country as economic migrants after Poland’s accession to the EU. Their presence is clearly visible in the current economic, social and cultural life of the United Kingdom. The most important Polish organizations are: the Federation of Poles in Great Britain, the Polish Social and Cultural Association, the Polish Ex-Combatants Association in Great Britain, the Polish Catholic Mission in England and Wales, the Polish Educational Society, “Ognisko Polskie” in London, and organisations of the “young” Polish community – Poland Street, Polish City Club, Polish Professionals.


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