Bilateral relations



In the interwar period Poland did not maintain diplomatic relations with Ireland, and Ireland did not establish such relations with Poland immediately after World War II. Until 1976 the two countries were bound only by trade ties (Poland opened its commercial representation office in Dublin). On 30 September 1976 diplomatic relations were established at the level of embassies. Polish ambassador in Denmark was accredited to Ireland (from 1977), and the ambassador of the Republic of Ireland in Sweden and Finland received accreditation to Poland (until 1990). In the following years, Polish ambassadors to Belgium (from 1979), the Netherlands (from 1981) and in London (1984-1991) were accredited to Ireland. In 1991, Poland opened its embassy in Dublin.

Economic relations between Poland and Ireland are regulated, among others, by the Accession Treaty (2003), the Agreement on the development of economic, industrial, scientific and technological cooperation (1977), and the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of Ireland for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income (1995).

Given the potential of Poland’s population and economy, bilateral trade, and country’s role in Eastern policy and transatlantic relations, Ireland sees Poland as its major partner in Central Europe. Ireland’s Embassy in Warsaw was one of its first diplomatic posts opened in the region. The two countries develop political and economic cooperation, and also present similar opinions on many issues of the European agenda (TTIP, financial crisis in Greece, “Brexit”, strengthening of the EU’s institutions). 

High level bilateral contacts take place regularly, although not very often. The major recent political contacts include Poland’s Foreign Minister W. Waszczykowski’s visit to Ireland (24 November 2016) and a visit by Ireland’s Prime Minister Enda Kenny (Warsaw, 9 February 2017).  

In 2016, the value of Polish-Irish bilateral trade amounted to around EUR 2.1 billion. The value of Ireland’s export to Poland amounted to EUR 1.4 billion, and Poland’s export to Ireland – EUR 674 mln.

Polish population in Ireland is estimated at around 150,000 people (according to an official census of April 2011, 122,000 Poles reside in Ireland). Polish is the first foreign language spoken by non-Irish nationals in the country. In 2016, the second Polish-Irish festival PolskaEire took place. During the festival, the Polish community in Ireland and Irish authorities and institutions organised around 150 events around the country. The main Polish communities live in the Dublin area, while some smaller groups are to be found in Cork, Limerick and Galway regions.


Website of the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Ireland



© 2012 Ministry of Foreign Affairs