• Do not let independence go to waste!

    Edward Raczyński



  • #‎RepublicInExile #1: War

    After a joint invasion from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in September 1939, the ‪‎Polish Government crossed the Romanian border and continued its activity abroad. Reconstructed first in ‪Paris, and from 1940 residing in ‪‎London, it led the Polish ‪‎war effort throughout World War II. It commanded the fourth strongest Allied force in Europe fighting on all fronts of the war as well as the largest underground army of occupied‪ Europe - the ‪Home Army.



    ‪#‎RepublicInExile #2: Poland outside Poland

    After 1945, a 500,000-strong community of Polish exiles in all corners of the free world could not come back to ‪‎Poland dominated by communists. They found themselves in an impossible situation but did not lose hope. Abroad, they recreated the Poland they knew from before World War II, with all her political institutions, school system, and even the cultural life! They created the Republic in Exile - Poland outside Poland, as pope John Paul II once called this country of émigrés.




    #‎RepublicInExile #3: Polish voice in the world

    The Government-in-Exile was derecognised by Britain and the United States in 1945 but maintained diplomatic ties with a number of countries until the 1970s. Wherever it could not act as the official representation of the Polish nation, it would raise the Polish question in unofficial ways, through its network of delegates and through various publications and open letters. In London, the Government-in-Exile kept open channels of communication with the British political establishment. Throughout the five decade of its activity, the Government-in-Exile gave Poles an independent voice, which they had been deprived of by the Soviet Union.




    #‎RepublicInExile #4: Solidarity

    The 1980s saw the rise of "Solidarity" in Poland and a gradual decline of the communist regime. The Republic in Exile supported the opposition in Poland financially and politically. Important opposition leaders consulted with the political elite in London. The leadership of President Edward Raczyński and Prime Minister and later President Kazimierz Sabbat gave a new life to the established structures, and the younger generation of Poles born in the UK after the war became more engaged.





    ‪#‎RepublicInExile #5: Free Poland

    On 22 December 1990, the last of the Presidents of the Republic of Poland residing in London – Ryszard Kaczorowski – travelled to Warsaw to hand over the insignia of his office to the first democratically elected president of post-war Poland – Lech Wałęsa. The Government-in-Exile fulfilled its mission by providing that institutional and symbolic link between the Second and the Third Polish Republic.





    Print Print Share: