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  • Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland

     

  • OSCE

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    Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe operates on a regional scale. The OSCE has 56 participating s tates enjoying equal status and equal powers. It works towards strengthening security and cooperation in three dimensions: the political-military dimension, economy and the environment, and the human dimension. OSCE declarations and decisions are taken by consensus on a politically, but not legally , binding basis. It pursues close cooperation with other international organizations, including the UN, the Council of Europe , and the EU. The OSCE maintains special relations with the following five Asian countries: Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Afghanistan , and Mongolia , as well as six Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco , and Tunisia (Partners for Co-operation).

     

    The OSCE traces its origins back to the early 1970s, when the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) was created to serve as a multilateral forum for dialogue and negotiation between East and West. Meeting over two years in Helsinki and Geneva, the CSCE reached agreement on the Helsinki Final Act, which was signed on 1 August 1975. This document contained a number of key commitments on political, military, and economic issues. It also established fundamental principles governing the behaviour of States towards their citizens and each other.

    Until 1990, the CSCE functioned mainly as a series of meetings and conferences that built on and extended the commitments of the participating s tates while periodically reviewing their implementation. In the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, the CSCE was called upon to play its part in managing the historic change taking place in Europe after 1989 and responding to the new challenges of the post-Cold War period, which led to its acquiring permanent institutions and operational capabilities , such as the Secretariat, the Elections Department , and the Conflict Prevention Centre. As part of this institutionalization process, the name was changed from the CSCE to the OSCE by a decision of the Budapest Summit of Heads of State or Government in December 1994 (the new name has been in operation since 1995).

     

    The OSCE Unified Budget for 2011 totals EUR 150.8 million. Poland’s contribution accounts for app rox . 1.4 % of the overall OSCE budget. The OSCE employs some 2,900 people in its various institutions and around 2,330 in its 17 field operations. 

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