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The objective of Poland’s development cooperation is to create the conditions for the sustainable development of partner countries in particular by promoting and consolidating democracy, helping to create modern and efficient state institutions, undertaking actions which contribute to reducing poverty and improving health conditions as well as raising the level of education and professional qualifications of the people.
The Act on Development Cooperation came into force on 1 January 2012. It has been designed to better coordinate and manage development cooperation and thereby increase the effectiveness of Polish aid.
According to the Act, Polish development cooperation is conducted on the basis of a multiannual programme approved by the Council of Ministers. The multiannual programme defines geographical priorities and thematic objectives of the Polish development cooperation for a period of minimum 4 years. On the basis of the multi-annual programme, the Minister of Foreign Affairs prepares an annual development cooperation plan which defines the activities to be carried out in a given year, the modalities and the funds available.
Poland’s first Multiannual Development Cooperation Programme was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 20 March 2012.
For the period 2012 – 2015, two thematic priorities have been selected:
- democracy and human rights
- political and economic transformation.
Poland’s recent history is an example of successful transition from an authoritarian regime and centrally planned economy to democracy and a free market. This experience could be interesting for countries which are initiating their reform processes and are willing to benefit from the Polish know-how available in almost all areas of state activity.
The geographical priorities of the multiannual programme are divided into two groups:
- Eastern Partnership countries
- selected countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East (including countries of East Africa, North Africa, Afghanistan, Kirgizstan, Tajikistan as well as the West Bank and the Gaza Strip).
The Eastern Partnership countries continue to be the most important geographical priority in 2013.See more
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